Paytm's Investment in Payments Gateway Nears Approval, but Challenges Remain

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Paytm's Investment in Payments Gateway Nears Approval, but Challenges Remain
10 Feb 2024
5 min read

News Synopsis

After a prolonged two-year wait, Paytm, the prominent fintech player, seems to be on the verge of securing approval from Indian authorities for its significant investment in the crucial payments gateway arm. Sources close to the matter, as reported by Bloomberg, suggest a favorable shift in the government's stance, attributed in part to the reduction in stake by Paytm's Chinese shareholder, Ant Group Co.

Ant Group's Strategic Move and Its Impact

Ant Group's decision to lower its stake in Paytm has played a pivotal role in garnering a more positive response from Indian regulatory bodies. Insider information hints at the likelihood of approval being granted within days. Given Ant's substantial stake, federal approval is essential for any investment in its subsidiary, Paytm Payments Services Ltd., constituting direct foreign investment.

Strategic Boost for Paytm's Payment Processing Arm

The impending investment holds significance for Paytm's payment processing arm, a key facilitator of online transactions. Despite its relatively modest value, less than Rs 1 billion ($12 million), gaining this approval would signify Paytm's continued alignment with the government's policies. This development unfolds amidst increased scrutiny from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Paytm's operations.

Regulatory Landscape and RBI's Oversight

In 2022, the RBI intervened in Paytm Payments Services' attempt to become a payments aggregator, citing regulatory concerns. Simultaneously, the banking regulator mandated the unit to seek government approval for a prior investment from Paytm. Founder Vijay Shekhar Sharma's acquisition of a substantial stake from Ant last year elevated his position as the largest shareholder in One97, contributing to the government's confidence in granting security clearance for foreign direct investment in Paytm Payments Services.

Paytm's Challenges and Pending Approvals

However, challenges persist, with the RBI's pending decision on Paytm's application to qualify as a payments aggregator. Since 2022, Paytm has also faced restrictions on onboarding new online merchants. The approval process is contingent on meeting regulatory requirements and compliance norms set by the RBI.

Paytm's Regulatory Scrutiny and Investor Concerns

Paytm finds itself under intense regulatory and investor scrutiny, amplified by the recent directive from the RBI to Paytm Payments Bank Ltd., another arm of Sharma's fintech empire, to cease accepting deposits after February 29. This move has had a significant impact, reflected in the substantial decline of One97's shares by over 40% since the RBI's unexpected action.

A Critical Juncture for Paytm

While the nearing approval of the investment in its payments gateway arm offers a glimmer of hope, Paytm faces a critical juncture. Addressing regulatory concerns, overcoming the payments aggregator hurdle, and navigating the ban on new merchants are essential for the company's long-term success. Only by demonstrating compliance and building trust with the authorities can Paytm truly emerge from this period of challenges and reclaim its position as a leader in India's fintech space.

TWN In-Focus